Research interests

Jain Mayank, Murray A. Optically stimulated luminescence dating: how significant is incomplete light exposure in fluvial environments? In: Quaternaire , vol. Fluvial Archives Group. Clermond-Ferrant Optically stimulated luminescence OSL dating of fluvial sediments is widely used in the interpretation of fluvial response to various allogenic forcing mechanisms during the last glacial-mterglacial cycle. We provide here a non-specialist review highlighting some key aspects of recent development in the OSL dating technique relevant to the Quaternary fluvial community, and describe studies on dating of fluvial sediments with independent chronological control, and on recent fluvial sediment. Quaternaire, 15, , , p Obtaining chronologies for fluvial deposits is an important component in understanding the fluvial response to changes in climate, sea-level, tectonic and anthropogenic factors. Optically stimulated luminescence OSL dating is now widely used by Quaternary scientists; it can provide ages in a range well beyond that of radiocarbon and on deposits from environments not conducive to the preservation of organic matter.

Dr Matthew Telfer

Optically-Stimulated Luminescence is a late Quaternary dating technique used to date the last time quartz sediment was exposed to light. As sediment is transported by wind, water, or ice, it is exposed to sunlight and zeroed of any previous luminescence signal. Once this sediment is deposited and subsequently buried, it is removed from light and is exposed to low levels of natural radiation in the surrounding sediment.

Optical dating differs from thermoluminescence (TL) dating in that option for luminescence practitioners, Risoe National Laboratory developed a stimulation An introduction to optical dating, Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York.

This method evaluates the time since crystalline minerals were exposed to light or heat: examples are of mineral grains of sand from sediment or a ceramic piece, and microcrystalline phases in an archaeological artifact manufactured from flint. Luminescence dating is based on a combination of retrospective dosimetry and environmental dosimetry. The normal age range for dating is between 50 years and thousand years.

The materials analysed for dating are inorganic and are highly resistant to alteration during their burial. Luminescence dating is therefore optimized for studies of the chronologies of human development and environmental records during the Holocene and late Quaternary. In addition to dating per se, the Luminescence Dating Laboratory has interests in the development of new methodologies and applications related with dating; retrospective dosimetry; environmental dosimetry and radiogeochemistry; and investigation of the origins and physical processes of luminescence in minerals.

The work of the Luminescence Dating Laboratory is conducted through a combination of research projects, supervision of masters and doctoral theses, and service work to private and public entities related with cultural heritage and geosciences.

Testing Luminescence Dating Methods for Small Samples from Very Young Fluvial Deposits

Optically Stimulated Luminescence OSL dating has emerged within the last 20 years as a key Quaternary absolute dating tool, with a wide range of terrestrial and marine applications. Optical dating techniques employ ubiquitous quartz or feldspar grains to directly date the deposition of sedimentary units.

As such, the optical dating methods allow the systematic chronological evaluation of Quaternary-age sedimentary sequences. Within the School of Geography and the Environment, the OLD Laboratory provides support particularly for the Landscape Dynamics research cluster, with a specific focus on low latitude environment and climate change, geoarchaeology and geomorphology.

Jean-Luc Schwenninger is Head of the Luminescence Dating Laboratory at the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and History of Art, University of Oxford.

Instrumental data have recorded rapid warming during recent decades in this region, approximately three times faster than that of the global average Zhang et al. Long-term records derived from paleoclimatic proxies are invaluable for improving our understanding of the natural range and causes of variability in regions compared with instrumental records. There are over lakes larger than 1 km 2 distributed across the TP Wang and Dou, ; Ma et al. The storage of water in a closed lake basin reflects the balance between evaporation and water influx, referring to both runoff and direct precipitation Benson and Paillet, , and it has typically been used to infer the variation history in the regional effective moisture e.

Outcrops and landforms can provide direct evidence of sediment facies changes, and record details of lake-level fluctuations, geologic events such as catastrophic floods, drainage-basin changes and isostatic rebound Reheis et al. Several studies have been conducted to document the paleoenvironmental change on the TP by dating relict beach ridges and lacustrine sediments with optically stimulated luminescence OSL , cosmogenic radionuclides and 14 C methods e.

Particularly, the OSL method has increasingly been applied to lacustrine deposits, owing to readily available dating materials, i. However, the problem of very dim natural and regenerative OSL signals from quartz samples has been reported in this region Long et al. Several reconstructions of the past lake levels in the catchment of Selin Co Fig. Li et al. Those disagreements and uncertainties concerning the temporal patterns of past paleohydrological changes in this region could limit our understanding of the associated forcing mechanisms and the extent to which climate patterns could shift in response to future climate change Hou et al.

Citation: Geochronometria ; In this paper, we carried out a combined stratigraphic and chronological analysis on a lacustrine outcrop from Cuoe Lake on the central TP. Both luminescence and radiocarbon dating methods were used to reconstruct the evolution of the lake level during the Holocene.

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Research Interests The application and development of thermoluminescence TL and optically stimulated luminescence OSL for dating archaeological sites, pre historic buildings and materials as well as objects of art. I am interested in the application and development of thermoluminescence TL and optically stimulated luminescence OSL for dating archaeological sites, pre historic buildings and materials as well as objects of art. In addition to my teaching and administrative activities within the School of Archaeology, I also provide a commercial luminescence dating service to outside institutions, private individuals and companies.

University of Oxford – Research Laboratory for Arqueology and the History of Art University of Oxford – Oxford Luminescence Dating Laboratory. The Australian.

The impetus behind this study is to understand the sedimentological dynamics of very young fluvial systems in the Amazon River catchment and relate these to land use change and modern analogue studies of tidal rhythmites in the geologic record. Many of these features have an appearance of freshly deposited pristine sand, and these observations and information from anecdotal evidence and LandSat imagery suggest an apparent decadal stability.

Signals from medium-sized aliquots 5 mm diameter exhibit very high specific luminescence sensitivity, have excellent dose recovery and recycling, essentially independent of preheat, and show minimal heat transfer even at the highest preheats. Significant recuperation is observed for samples from two of the study sites and, in these instances, either the acceptance threshold was increased or growth curves were forced through the origin; recuperation is considered most likely to be a measurement artefact given the very small size of natural signals.

Despite the use of medium-sized aliquots to ensure the recovery of very dim natural OSL signals, these results demonstrate the potential of OSL for studying very young active fluvial processes in these settings. An important facet of the development of a geochronological technique is the investigation of potential age range. Much recent work in the luminescence field has focused on maximum achievable ages using high-temperature post-infrared infrared pIRIR signals from feldspars [ 1 , 2 ].

References

Professor Frouin’s Research Webpage. My research is focused on the development and application of luminescence techniques to provide age constrains on archaeological materials or geological events. My work is specifically geared towards: i understanding luminescence processes of minerals in terrestrial sediments, ii extend the age range of the method to the Plio-Pleistocene, and iii investigating the chronology of human evolution in Eurasia and Africa.

Phillip Toms, Luminescence dating laboratory, School of Natural and Social Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, Dyson Perrins.

Pleistocene human groups: cultures, evolutions and dynamics in Eurasia. After completing an initial M. Norbert Mercier and Dr. Christelle Lahaye. This research project focuses on the significant questions of the disappearance of Neanderthals from Eurasia, the associated spread of anatomically modern humans across Eurasia, and the extent to which there was contact with Denisovans in Siberia.

As postdoctoral research fellow , I was responsible for the luminescence dating component of the project. Since , I led a research project Oxford John Fell Fund which aims to develop a novel methodology for dating Plio-Pleistocene sediments, in order to provide numerical ages for major fossil and artefact-bearing sites in Africa.

My approach is to apply a revolutionary luminescence-based method, I developed during my Ph. D, and known as infrared-radiofluorescence IR-RF to determine the age of sediments i. In September , I have been awarded a H. Early human evolution in Africa. Early human dispersals into the Americas. Career path After completing an initial M.

The principles of Luminescence Dating

This site is using cookies to collect anonymous visitor statistics and enhance the user experience. Science Classification details. Abstract: Without robust age control, reconstructing the past dynamics of the Earth system in response to external forcing is problematic. Chronometry is a critical part of studying past environmenst, climates, ecology, human evolution and human landscape-use.

You are here: Home / About us / TL (Thermoluminescence) testing process (TL​) testing-authenticity-dating_UK_Oxfordshire_Our lab remaining powder is dried and used for radioactivity measurements to complete the dating calculation.

Susan Squibb a. Sue Bird is a part-time D. Her research focuses on 2 archives from the Geography collections, now in the Radcliffe Science Library but originating in the departmental library of the School. One is the teaching glass slide collection, augmented by personal slides, both glass and 35mm, taken by a number of former academics; the other a remarkable survival of undergraduate dissertations beginning in which includes their photographs taken in the field.

The work discusses both production and transfer of geographical knowledges, not only within the confines of Oxford but also in the wider educational community as many of the undergraduates of the 1st fifty years of the School pursued careers in secondary schools as well as university departments. Biodiversity and bioprotection of historic maritime structures: a possible win-win?

My project focuses on developing an understanding of the biodiversity value of historic maritime infrastructure such as harbour walls, fortifications and breakwaters. At the same time, it aims to identify protective functions of the species and communities that these structures support using a combination of desk-based research and experiments in the field and the laboratory, including field block exposure trials.

Evidence suggests that the Indian Ocean Monsoon IOM system has shifted in its latitudinal position with the cycle of orbital precession roughly every 23, years. These palaeoenvironmental dynamics had profound implications for early Homo sapiens, with changing water resources contributing to demographic shifts over the last few hundred thousand years. His work shall be focusing on the sensitivity of a fluvial drainage network in Oman to these climate shifts in terms of the timings and extent of environmental change which resulted.

This aims to move beyond ideas of broadly homogenous environmental change within the Arabian Peninsula, and low latitude desert environments more generally, throughout the Late Quaternary by investigating how different parts of the system responded to orbital climate forcing. He will employ a multi-proxy approach to understanding past environmental changes, utilising the Oxford Luminescence Dating OLD Laboratory to construct optically stimulated luminescence OSL chronologies for sedimentary deposits throughout the drainage system.

His project will also have components of remote sensing analysis, in particular using hyperspectral analysis to attempt to map and identify palaeochannel deposits in order to define palaeohydrological systems in the region.

DRAC — Who we are

Contact Professor Ian Bailiff email at ian. After reading physics at Sussex University Ian Bailiff joined the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art at Oxford as a postgraduate student and subsequently submitted a research MSc on the development of new luminescence dating techniques. Following a further year working on an instrument development project he came to Durham in as a research assistant on a pottery dating project; following a series of appointments as a Research Fellow he was awarded an SERC Advanced Fellowship, and in was appointed a Lecturer.

He was Head of Department between and

First automatic TL reader for luminescence dating to the Oxford Research. Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art in Huntley et al. (): quartz.

Scientists in North America first developed thermoluminescence dating of rock minerals in the s and s, and the University of Oxford, England first developed the thermoluminescence dating of fired ceramics in the s and s. During the s and s scientists at Simon Frasier University, Canada, developed standard thermoluminescence dating procedures used to date sediments.

In , they also developed optically stimulated luminescence dating techniques, which use laser light, to date sediments. The microscopic structure of some minerals and ceramics trap nuclear radioactive energy. This energy is in constant motion within the minerals or sherds. Most of the energy escapes as heat, but sometimes this energy separates electrons from the molecules that make up the minerals or ceramics.

Usually the electrons will reconnect with the molecules, but some will not.

Luminescence Dating

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology pp Cite as. The basic principles are explained in terms of thermoluminescence dating of pottery, with particular regard for the interests of archaeologists. Extensions of luminescence dating to other fired materials such as burnt flint, and to stalagmitic calcite and unburnt sediment are then outlined, including optical dating of the latter.

Luminescence dating · Materials analysis · Palaeodiet · Archaeological geophysics · Uranium-series dating · Diagenesis. The laboratory includes the Oxford.

To compare our experiment results with other laboratories by participating in international inter-laboratory comparison tests is an important need to ensure the accuracy of our measurements. However, so far, international comparison tests or measurements on OSL dating are unfortunately organized very limited in number.

The latest inter-laboratory comparison study was conducted between and years by the Nordic Luminescence Laboratory in Denmark. For the calculation of annual dose rate Da , concentrations of radioactive isotopes U, Th, K were measured by using a high-purity germanium detector. Consequently, within the error limits, we have determined the age of the sample close to the expected age.

By participating in this comparison test, we have had the opportunity to compare our results with other luminescence dating laboratories and to ensure the accuracy of our results. At the same time, we had the chance to interpret each step of our dating measurements preparation of pure quartz minerals, determination of equivalent dose and annual dose etc. Turkish Journal of Nuclear Sciences contains scientific articles on nuclear and radiation issues.

Aspects of Archaeology: Thermoluminescence Dating